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Indirect to direct speech: I should, we should usually change into would. Direct indirect speech exercises pdf download speech PDF rules Printable rules with examples to exercies for free. Past – past perfect “She went to Rome,” I thought. When a sentence is made and reported at the same time and the fact is still true. Will – conditional Will changes into the conditional.
Direct + Indirect speech
The reported speech is typically introduced by indirsct such as say, tell, admit, complain, explain, remind, reply, think, hope, offer, refuse etc. Present – past “I never understand you,” she told me.
The form is different, however. He said he liked it.
Reported speech exercises pdf
If we use the past perfect tense. If the reporting verb is in the present tense. If we only make mechanical changes Kevin said he had killed themthe new sentence can have a different meaning – Kevin himself killed them. On the other hand, if something is reported later, the time expressions are different in the reported speech. Exercise 2 Downkoad a dialogue. In the direct speech we do not mention the person in the imperative.
Commands, requests or advice with ask “Make coffee, please,” he said. But sometimes we make different adjustments. Direct indirect speech exercises pdf download time expressions change as follows.
Present perfect – past perfect “I have broken the window,” he admitted. If is more common and whether is more formal.
Statements with tell downliad leaving,” he told me. B Pronouns We have to change the pronouns to keep the same meaning of a sentence. The verb forms remain the same in the following cases: After wish, would rather, had better, it direct indirect speech exercises pdf download time. C Time and place Let’s suppose that we talked to our friend Mary on Friday. This and these are usually substituted. The reporting verb say changes into ask, direct indirect speech exercises pdf download to know, wonder What you can find on this page: She explained that she had been at the seaside.
Exercise 7 Complete reported questions and commands 1. In the reported speech the person addressed must be mentioned.
Mary said Greg had come yesterdayit is not correct, because it means that he came on Saturday. But must can become had to or would have to and needn’t wpeech become didn’t have to or wouldn’t have to if we want to express an obligation. If we want to say what other people said, thought or felt, we can use the direct and indirect speech reported speech. If we report Mary’s sentence on Sunday, we have to do the following: We do not change the past tense in spoken English if it is clear from the situation when the action happened.
We have to direct indirect speech exercises pdf download the pronouns to keep the same meaning of a sentence. Jim said he was playing this week. I shall, we shall usually become would. Exercise 5 Rewrite sentences.
Exercise 4 Choose correct endings. As you can see, both the past tense and the present perfect change into the past perfect.
Let’s suppose that we talked to our friend Mary on Friday. Sometimes we have to use a noun instead of a pronoun, otherwise the new sentence is confusing. Reported questions Direct questions become indirect-questions with the same word order as statements. Exercise 1 Complete sentences. Reported commands, requests and advice The commands, requests and advice mostly have the same form in English: We must change it, direct indirect speech exercises pdf download, in the following sentence, otherwise it will not be clear whether we are talking about the present or past feelings.
Here usually becomes there. We do not usually change the modal verbs must and needn’t.
Direct and Indirect Speech Exercise
Exercise 8 Complete reported questions and commands 2. The commands, requests and advice mostly have the same form in English: Last week Jim said: He said that he didn’t want it. If these verbs are in the past tense, we change the following: Commands, requests or advice with tell “Leave the room,” he told John.